Mexico, Francisco Rodriguez Lupercio, 1673.
Small 4to [199 x 137 mm], (1) bl.l, (6) ff., 50 ff. misnumbered 49, (8) ff. Woodcut vignette on title-page. Bound in original limp vellum, flat spine.
First edition, printed in Mexico City, of one of the rarest and the most valuable Mexican grammars. Streit, Bibliotheca Missionum, 2326 ; Leclerc, Bibliotheca Americana, 2337 ; Sabin 99384 ; Graff 4475 ; Palau 361209 ; Brunet, supp. II, 874 ; Chadenat, 4698.
Father Augustin de Vetancurt was born in Mexico City in 1620. He quickly took holy orders and spent almost all his life with the Indians. He knew the Mexican language very well.
At the end of the book, 8 ff. contain an « Instruccion breve para administrar los Santos Sacrametos de la Confession, Viatico, Matrimonio y Velaciones en la lengua Mexicana » and a « Catecismo Mexicano ».
A very fine copy preserved in its contemporary limp vellum.
Only one copy of this original edition preserved in a contemporary binding has appeared at auction in the last thirty years.
Provenance: handwritten inscription on title: “Agosto 29 de (17)48 le compro, de Mendoza” and autograph signature on the first leaf: “Bernardo Man. De Mendoza”.